Bhutan Pacific Travel & Tours

Geography & Architecture


Bhutan's is a landlocked country with approximately 46,500 square kilometres in territory. It is a himalayan nation sandwiched between China to the North and India to the South. Bhutan is divided into 22 Dzongkhags and further into 201 gewogs.

North consist of the himalayas where mountain peaks can easily reach seven thousand meters. The high peaks have perpetual snow and the hewn gorges have high wind all year round making them barren brown wind tunnels in summer and frozen wastelands in winter. The blizzards generated in the north each winter often drift south into the central highlands.

The mountain peak Gangkar Puensum which has the distinction of being the highest unclimbed mountain in the world is at 7,570 metres. Bhutan has a series of passes that include Chele La (3780 m) between Haa and Paro valley, Dochu La (3116 m) between Thimphu to Punakha highway with 108 chortens, Pele La (3390 m) to the East of Wangdue Phodrang, and Yotong La, Thrumshing La, and Kori La (2298 m) are found along the eastern highway.

South consists mostly tropical plains with a large agricultural land producing mostly rice. The country ranks amongst the top ten countries in the world in terms of speceis where more than 770 species of avifauna and more than 165 species of mammals including endangered species like Red Panda, Golden Langur and Snow Leopard exist.


Geography of Bhutan

Geography Coordinates 27°30′N 90°30′E
Land Boundaries 1,075 km
Continent Asia
Highest Point Kula Gangri (7,553 m)
Lowest Point Drangme Chu (97 m)
Irrigated Land 400 km2 (2003)
Natural Resources Timber, Hydropower, Gypsum, Calcium Carbonate
Land Use Arable Land Permanent Crops
Natural Hazards Violent Storms, Landslides, Soil Erosion


Climate in Bhutan

Climate in Bhutan
Bhutan has a wide range of climate from the hot and humid jungles from the southern foothills to frigid snowcapped peaks in the north which is about 7700 metres. Bhutan is mostly affected by monsoons. Bhutanese climate is divided in four seasons broadly Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter. Spring falls by the end of February till the end of May.


Bhutan's architecture is one of the best expressions of the Thunder Dragon. The main feature of Bhutanese architecture are the result of natural conditions and especially the climate. Bhutan has seen very few changes in its architectural system since the earliest times. The style and the design of every building in Bhutan is unique from other