Bhutan Pacific Travel & Tours



History of Bhutan


Druk Yul

Bhutan is a landlocked country in the Himalayan mountains and between India and China. It has an area of 38394 square kilometers(17,954 square miles) with a population of 970,000. It is known as Druk Yul meaning The Land of the Thunder Dragon.Bhutan is also one of the happiest country in the world with unique culture and tradition. The landscape ranges from subtropical plains in the south to the Himalayan heights in the north, with some peaks exceeding seven thousand metres. Vajrayana Buddhism is the state religion and the population is predominantly Buddhist, with Hinduism being the second most dominant. Thimphu is the capital and largest city.

Bhutan is covered with 70% of the forest and 20 district only. It is divided into three regions namely himalayan region in the north, the hills and valleys in the central region and foothills and plains in the south.

In Bhutanese language Druk means Dragon and "Druk-Yul" means "The Land of the Thunder Dragon." Bhutan is an indepedant country. In the 8th century Guru Padmasambhava popularly known as Guru Rinpoche came to Bhutan and spread the Buddhist faith through the land. The greatest event in the history of Bhutan was the arrival of Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal from Tibet in 1616. He was the first person to unify the country and was the Father and unifier of medieval Bhutan. Zhabdrung set up a dual system of Government with a secular head known as the Durk Desi and a spiritual head known as the Je Khenpo. He subdued many warring feudual overlords and brought Bhutan under the influence of the Drukpa Kagyud school. He established dzongs and during his 35 year reign introduced establishment of nation-wide administration.

 



Facts of Bhutan

Capital Thimphu
Population

970,000

Area 38394 square kilometers
State(Dzongkhags) 22
Religion Buddhist and Hindu
Language Dzongkha(National). English, Sharchop and Nepali often spoken
Literacy 63%
Time Zone Six hours ahead of GMT
Country Code +975
Currency Ngultrum

 


Gongsar Ugyen Wangchuk(1907-1926 AD)

Gongsar Ugyen Wangchuk(1907-1926 AD)
Being born in 1862 to Jigme Namgyal, he became the First King of Bhutan in 1907. King Ugyen Wangchuk fought with the rivals to protect Bhutan and defeated his political enemies and united the country following several civil wars and rebellions. He was an able administrator and a wise diplomat. He introduced the system of western education and


Druk Gyalpo Jigme Wangchuk (1926-1952 AD)

Druk Gyalpo Jigme Wangchuk (1926-1952 AD)
King Jigme Wangchuk was born in 1905 and he was the Second King of Bhutan. He received education in English, Hindi and Buddhist literature. During his reign Bhutan started to forsake its self-imposed isolation. He brought many development to the country including the Treaty of Peace and Friendship between the Government of India and Bhutan that


Druk Gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuk (1952-1972)

Druk Gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuk (1952-1972)
King Jigme Dorji Wangchuk born in 1928 was the Third King of Bhutan. During his reign of 20 years he opened Bhutan to the outside world, began modernization and took the first step towards modernization and the first economic development plan was drafted. He was a farsighted monarch. He established a High court and reorganized the judicial system.


Druk Gyalpo Jigme Singye Wangchuk (1974-2007)

Druk Gyalpo Jigme Singye Wangchuk (1974-2007)
King Jigme Singye Wangchuk born on 11th November 1955 was the Fourth King of Bhutan. He acceded to the Throne at a very young age of 17 in 1972 after the sudden death of his father King Jigme Dorji Wangchuk and was the youngest monarch in the world. He carried forward the socio-economic progress of the country initiated by his father. Bhutan has


Druk Gyalpo Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuk (2006-Present)

Druk Gyalpo Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuk (2006-Present)
King Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuk is the Present King of Bhutan. He stated that the responsibility of his generation for Bhutanese was to ensure the success of democracy. He began his unusual reign overseeing the democratization of his country by presiding over the last sessions of the present parliament where electoral laws, land reform and